Up: Second-Order Impacts
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Water transfers due to rising costs and facilitated water rights trading almost
always results in a net reduction of water available to agriculture. While
economic water use efficiency is increased on a sate-wide or nation-wide basis,
the burdens of water transfers typically fall solely on small rural communities.
In La Paz County, Arizona, a community impacted by a net loss of water rights to
large municipal areas, nearly all individuals agreed with the statement, ``The
losses to the community associated with the transfer of water are of such a
nature that they cannot be compensated'' (Gollehon, 1999). The unemployment rate
of the county jumped 14% as a direct result of water transfers.